This is the second part of my Cisco voip basics series. ( Parts 1, 3 & 4 ) Our goal in this series is to setup a working voice gateway that you could use in your home office. The following covers installation of CME 4.1, and the setup of a Cisco 7960 ip phone on the voice gateway.
Before diving into the installation of our call manager, you’re going to want to do some clean up on your flash. ensure you have 25M free and of course, make sure you have a backup copy of your config and IOS. Obviously a quick way to clean up the flash device would be to format it, but be careful to ensure you restore your IOS from backup and issue a write memory before rebooting.
Place your CME tar file into the path of your TFTP server. The following command will download and extract the CME software into flash.
Router#archive tar /xtract tftp://[tftp server ip]/cme-basic-184.108.40.206.tar flash:
Once this completes, you can optionally remove any phone files that will not be needed or used on your gateway. These files are stored in flash:/phone/[phone model]/
First thing we need to do is setup the local tftp server on the router. This is done to share the phone load files with your phones as they boot. If you removed any files / directories, you can remove them from the following command from config mode. You will also want to make sure these match what your CMS package comes with.
tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/apps11.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias apps11.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/cnu11.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias cnu11.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/cvm11sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias cvm11sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/dsp11.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias dsp11.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/jar11sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias jar11sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/SCCP11.8-2-2SR1S.loads alias SCCP11.8-2-2SR1S.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/term06.default.loads alias term06.default.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7906-7911/term11.default.loads alias term11.default.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/APPS-1.0.1.SBN alias APPS-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/CP7921G-1.0.1.LOADS alias CP7921G-1.0.1.LOADS tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/GUI-1.0.1.SBN alias GUI-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/SYS-1.0.1.SBN alias SYS-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/TNUX-1.0.1.SBN alias TNUX-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/TNUXR-1.0.1.SBN alias TNUXR-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7921/WLAN-1.0.1.SBN alias WLAN-1.0.1.SBN tftp-server flash:/phone/7936/cmterm_7936.3-3-12-0.bin alias cmterm_7936.3-3-12-0.bin tftp-server flash:/phone/7940-7960/P00308000400.bin alias P00308000400.bin tftp-server flash:/phone/7940-7960/P00308000400.loads alias P00308000400.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7940-7960/P00308000400.sb2 alias P00308000400.sb2 tftp-server flash:/phone/7940-7960/P00308000400.sbn alias P00308000400.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/apps41.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias apps41.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/cnu41.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias cnu41.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/cvm41sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias cvm41sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/dsp41.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias dsp41.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/jar41sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn alias jar41sccp.8-2-2ES1.sbn tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/SCCP41.8-2-2SR1S.loads alias SCCP41.8-2-2SR1S.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/term41.default.loads alias term41.default.loads tftp-server flash:/phone/7941-7961/term61.default.loads alias term61.default.loads
Next, in order to setup the GUI we need to tell the http server on the router where to find the files. The following command adds the path to the http server so we can access http://[router ip]/ccme.html
Router(config)#ip http server Router(config)#ip http path flash:gui
And in order to authenticate, we’ll need to add a web administrator account.
Router(config)#telephony-service Router(config-telephony)# web admin system name admin secret [your secret password]
Now, before you exit telephony config mode, lets finish up the initial CME configuration. As before, if you removed any phone specific files, remove them from the following config. Entire this is Router(config-telephoney)# mode…
load 7936 cmterm_7936.3-3-12-0 load 7906 SCCP11.8-2-2SR1S load 7911 SCCP11.8-2-2SR1S load 7941 SCCP41.8-2-2SR1S load 7961 SCCP41.8-2-2SR1S load 7960-7940 P00308000400 load 7921 CP7921G-1.0.1 create cnf-files
Finalizing Router Setup
Now that we’ve got CME up and running, you need to setup DHCP and you should probably go ahead and set your clock and configure ntpd. I’m not going to walk you through the entire dhcp config, but there is an option you need to add. Option 150, this tells your phones where their tftp server is. In our case, its going to be the IP address for your voip vlan. Here is a very basic example..
ip dhcp pool VOIP network 10.1.8.0 255.255.255.0 option 150 ip 10.1.8.1 lease 7 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description Internal VLAN ip address 192.168.8.4 255.255.255.0 speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/0.2 description VOIP VLAN encapsulation dot1Q 2 ip address 10.1.8.1 255.255.255.0 !
Setting up our first Cisco IP Phone
Ok, we’re finally ready to configure out first Cisco IP phone. Go ahead and get the mac address of the bottom of the unit and configure a port on your switch for the vlan (or if you’re not using any of that you can just plug a crossover cable into the front of your router… ). Plug everything in, except the power for the phone. In our example, we’re going to setup this phone with extension 99 for the office line, and extension 66 for our home line. We need to configure each extension as an Ethernet phone directory numbers or ephone-dn.
! ephone-dn 1 number 88 label Office <-- shows on display for line button name Office <-- shows on caller id ! ! ephone-dn 2 number 55 label Home name Office !
Once we have those configured, we can configure our ephone with the mac address from the bottom of your phone and attach our dn's to the buttons on the phone. Here is an example using the 7960.
! ephone 1 description Home Office mac-address 0017.94AF.1E62 <--- your phones mac address type 7960 button 1:1 2:2 <--- maps the phone buttons to ephone-dns !
That it! Go ahead and write this config out to flash, and power your phone up. Once it gets an ip address and downloads its configuration you should have 2 lines marked on your screen and you should be able to start making calls to your FXS ports. My next post is going to cover setting up your FXO lines and outbound dialing, including dial plans and a simple trunk group.